General Aviation

CAA SkyWise on General Aviation

 

New infringement occurrence: Stansted CTA-2
The Airspace & Safety Initiative‘s latest occurrence narrative looks at an infringement of Stansted Control Area 2 with a comprehensive pilot report, causal factors and analysis.
Read Infringement of the Class D Stansted Control Area 2 (CTA-2)
Dated: August 2021


Airspace Infringements: review and actions update
Airspace Infringements: review and actions (CAP1404) has been amended to highlight the CAA’s audit and safety assurance functions of the Infringement Co-ordination Group (ICG), and introduces the option for those provisionally suspended by the CAP1404 process to request a review of that decision. These changes take effect from publication of this amendment to CAP1404 on 2 August 2021.
As well as this new review process we are continuing to assess other options for stakeholders to have certain CAA decisions reviewed, in line with our new regulatory principles.
Read more on airspace infringements: Airspace infringements | UK Civil Aviation Authority (caa.co.uk)
Dated: August 2021


GA Safety Promotions round up – July
This notification is being send to correct the SkyWise reference number.
Astral Aviation Consulting Ltd. are a UK based consultancy contracted by the CAA to provide a bespoke, targeted safety campaign for the General Aviation community.
Check out their latest safety advice:
Webinar: Loss of Control presented by Kanchana Gamage, founder of the Aviatrix Project.
Landings Data on Loss of Control In flight accidents, both fatal and non-fatal, indicate that the second highest number of accidents occur during approach and landing. So what can you do to avoid this happening to you?
Wheel Spats Are they a part of your pre-flight checks?
Stalling When was the last time you practiced your stall recovery?
Further information here.
Dated: July 2021


Radio Operators Certificate of Competence update
The Radio Operators Certificate of Competence (ROCC) certificate has been updated to include the Wireless Telegraphy Act 2006 and Ofcom requirements.
Previously issued ROCC certificates will remain valid and holders do not require re-issue of this certificate unless it has been lost, (for which a fee will be incurred).
There will be new procedures coming into place, at that point those still operating with the old version will need to be re-issued the new format.
Further guidance will be provided and communicated nearer the time, changes will be implemented in 2025.
Dated: June 2021


Type responsibility agreement surrenders
Two organisations have surrendered their Type Responsibility Agreements (TRAs). The aircraft that were covered by these TRAs will be unable to maintain their Certificate of Airworthiness (CofA) unless a new TRA is agreed.
The aircraft types affected are:
Miles aircraft
Auster and Beagle aircraft (not Pup)
The CAA will assess an individual or organisation application to take the responsibilities. If none is found, the aircraft will no longer be eligible for a CofA.
Parties interested in the TRA for any or all of the above aircraft, fulfilling BCAR A5-1 Para 4, should contact the CAA at GA.GA@CAA.co.uk.
Dated: June 2021


Infringement hot-spot: RAF Halton ATZ
The Luton Local Airspace Infringement Team and RAF Halton and have written a new hot-spot narrative to help prevent infringements of the RAF Halton ATZ.
Read more: airspacesafety.com/hot-spot-narratives/
The Flight Hub
Join Rachael Caston (head of the Airprox board) and GA pilots Matt Lane and Ellie Carter for an online panel discussion on Wednesday 16 June at 7.30pm. Register online: Webinar Registration – Zoom
Dated: June 2021


Infringement narrative: London City CTA
The latest infringement occurrence narrative from the Airspace and Safety Initiative covers an infringement of the London City Control Area (CTA) with air traffic control and pilot perspectives, findings and casual factor analysis.
Read Infringement of the Class D London City Control Area (CTA)
The next GASCo Airspace Infringement Avoidance webinar will be on Monday 21 June at 19:00. Register for free online: Webinar Registration – Zoom
Dated: June 2021


Pre-flight planning – What happens when it all goes wrong?
Added guidance from the Airspace Infringement Working Group covers more aspects of successful pre-flight preparation and planning: Contingency planning, UK FIS and incorporating Frequency Monitoring Codes.
Read more https://airspacesafety.com/pre-flight-planning/
Dated: June 2021


Launch of new VHF Low Level Common Frequency trial
Today, 1 June 2021 marks the launch of a 1-year trial of ‘VHF LL Common’ an information service on the VHF Frequency 130.490.  The aim is to reduce the risk of Mid-Air Collision between aircraft operating at or below 2000’ Above Ground Level. It is available for use by all aircrew, military and civilian, operating in the UK Low Flying System.
The CAA is supporting the military led trial of a VHF Low-Level (LL) Common frequency to be used across the UK. More information is available on the CAA website.
Dated: June 2021


Manchester Low Level Route procedure changes
Procedures for the use of the Manchester Low Level Route have been amended to reflect changes in VMC visibility and distance from cloud minima in class D airspace.
The briefing document at NATS AIS Home Page (listed as EGCC LOW LEVEL ROUTE CHANGES under News at www.nats-uk.ead-it.com and notified by NOTAM) sets out new and revised information including transponder operating procedures, wake turbulence warnings and SVFR procedures.
At 0001 hours on 20 May 2021 the UK implemented an amendment to SERA5001 Table S5-1 that modifies the VMC visibility and distance from cloud minima in Class D airspace.
Dated: June 2021


Mid-air collisions and airspace infringements
Some of you may have had trouble with the link we sent out to our most recent GA update which looked at the risks of mid-air collisions. www.caa.co.uk/CAP2150 will take you to this Clued Up special.
Follow this link for the full list of Clued Ups.
We have just published an updated version of Airspace Infringements: review and actions (CAP 1404) along with two supporting documents to bust popular myths and set out more details of how incidents are reviewed.
Read more on airspace infringements: Airspace infringements | UK Civil Aviation Authority (caa.co.uk)
Dated: May 2021


GA Change Programme 2021/22
The CAA had intended to release, CAP2146 UK General Aviation opportunities after leaving EASA – Consultation Response Document last week. Following the sad news of the passing of His Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, the UK observed a period of National Mourning, which ended on Sunday 18 April 2021. During this period, the overall principle for Government communications, including our own, is that only essential immediate risk to life public-facing activity should be undertaken.

We therefore have today published how our General Aviation Unit is moving forward with our GA Change Programme for 2021/22 to take advantage of opportunities for change now that the UK has left the EASA system. This takes into account the views you gave us on our consultation in November 2020 (CAP 1985).

Full details have been published in our response document: CAP2146 UK General Aviation opportunities after leaving EASA – Consultation Response Document
Dated: April 2021


New fixed-wing infringement occurrence narrative
The Airspace & Safety Initiative‘s latest infringement occurrence narrative covers a fixed-wing cross country PPL training flight with air traffic control and pilot perspectives, causal factors and analysis.
Read Infringement of Class D – Birmingham Control Area
Dated: April 2021


Notification of jamming trial impacting GNSS (GPS) and Short-Range Devices including UAS control (2.4, 5.8GHz), 22 – 26 March 2021
Jamming activity will take place on 22, 25 (0900-1700) and 23, 26 (0900-1500) March, affecting airspace in and around Salisbury Plain.
Jamming equipment will be located within 4NM radius of 511530N 0015748W.  Activity may affect GNSS equipment within 10NM (all directions) up to 40,000FT AMSL.
Electronic situational awareness devices and UAV systems operating on 2.4GHz and 5.8GHz may also be affected within 1NM (All directions)
During the trials impacted systems may suffer intermittent or total failure.  An associated NOTAM has been raised.
For further information or feedback on this activity contact spectrum@caa.co.uk
Emergency cease jamming contact: 07785370911
Dated: March 2021


CAP 413 SI: Phraseology for RNP IAPs at aerodromes with AGCS
On 18 Jan 2021 the CAA published CAP 413 SI 2021/01 to the Radiotelephony Manual (CAP 413). 
This Sl details changes being made to CAP 413 relating to the introduction of phraseology for Air/Ground Communications Service (AGCS) radio station operators and Aerodrome Flight Information Service Officers (AFISO) who operate at aerodromes with required navigation performance (RNP) instrument approach procedures (IAPs).
Dated: February 2021


Airspace Infringement and Aeronautical Information
While we understand that many pilots are currently unable to fly due to COVID-19 restrictions we aim to continue to release safety education and awareness material to support the future return to flying and continue to help promote longer-term safety awareness.
To meet that aim we are taking the opportunity to share the latest safety promotion animation from EUROCONTROL which focuses on the importance of checking the latest aeronautical information so as to avoid unintentional airspace infringement.
Airspace Infringement and Aeronautical Information (SKYclip)
You’l find more resources and information via links to related SKYbrary content
Dated: January 2021


Clued Up: Towbars
Please enjoy this Clued Up article on Towbars following the release of the AAIB report following an investigation into how a towbar from a Cessna 210 was left on the runway at London Southend Airport and subsequently ran over by a landing Embraer 145. ATC reported that it was not possible to see the towbar from the control tower due to its size, shape and colour.
Please consider painting your towbar in bright colours. Brighter is better and will give airport agencies and other aircraft a better chance of seeing a towbar if left on operational surfaces such as taxiways and runways.
Dated: December 2020


Follow up to CAA EU Exit Webinar: General Aviation
Thank you for attending the UK Civil Aviation Authority’s EU Exit webinar for the General Aviation sector. We hope you found the webinar useful and you were able to take away information that will help your organisation prepare for the end of the transition period.
For those unable to attend, you can watch the webinar on our YouTube channel here. Please also visit our microsite for more information relating to the UK/EU future relationship and a Q&A following the sessions.
If you are interested in how the general aviation community will be affected after the UK leaves EASA then you may be interested in UK General Aviation opportunities after leaving EASA – a consultation.  The consultation provides an opportunity to share your views on the direction of future regulation and shape how we work more effectively with you and the UK General Aviation community. The consultation can be completed here and closes at 2359 on the 18 December 2020.
Dated: December 2020


AAIB Investigation report: Ran over a towbar on landing dropped by Cessna P210N
In August 2019, the towbar from a Cessna 210 was left on the runway at London Southend Airport and subsequently ran over by a landing Embraer 145. ATC reported that it was not possible to see the towbar from the control tower due to its size, shape and colour.
How can you prevent this event from happening to you?
Please consider painting your towbar in bright colours. Brighter is better and will give airport agencies and other aircraft a better chance of seeing a towbar if left on operational surfaces such as taxiways and runways.
Dated: December 2020


Clued Up Autumn 2020:
Electronic Conspicuity
Following the launch of the Electronic Conspicuity (EC) devices rebate scheme launched the CAA has published a Clued Up Special Edition magazine on all things EC.
The rebate scheme is still open and if you are a drone pilot or a general aviation pilot in the UK you may be able to claim a rebate for 50% off purchases for new Electronic Conspicuity devices, up to the value of £250.
Full details on those eligible to apply, EC devices and how to claim a rebate are available on the CAA website at www.caa.co.uk/ec
Dated: December 2020


Jamming trial impacting GNSS (GPS):  9 – 20 November, Wales and SW England
Activity may affect GNSS navigation and precision timing devices including electronic situational awareness devices and UAV’s (drones)
Jamming activity within 5KM of N52° 00’ 53”, W003° 38’ 31” (Sennybridge)
Low Power jamming will take place between 0900-1600 UTC and may impact GNSS signals up to and above 40,000FT AMSL within 63NM
Systems relying on GNSS reception may suffer intermittent or total failure.
Further information see AIP Briefing Note (linked via the heading NOTIFICATION OF GNSS JAMMING TRIALS under News) on the NATS AIS homepage or contact spectrum@caa.co.uk
Emergency cease jamming: 01874 635599
Dated: November 2020


Stay in Control; Angle of Attack
The next chapter in our General Aviation Stay in Control safety campaign covers Angle of Attack.
Airspeed and angle of attack is a topic often debated, sometimes hotly, around airfields or in the bar and some positions go like this: “If you have good airspeed you’ll be fine” — not necessarily…
The campaign, launched in July, examines how loss of control events occur and how pilots can avoid them. More key loss of control issues will be covered over the coming months.
All campaign material will be posted on the dedicated Stay in Control webpage
Dated: October 2020


Updated: UK approach to recreational general aviation safety: An independent review
This independent review was commissioned and funded by the Department for Transport (DfT)following a commitment to do so in the “Aviation 2050: The Future of Aviation” green paper which set out for public consultation a number of policy options to improve aviation safety.
This update includes Ministerial endorsement and post consultation comments by the CAA.
Dated: October 2020


The status of equity and non-equity aircraft ownership groups with respect to Part M and Part ML
The CAA website has been updated with information related to equity and non-equity ownership group schemes and the continuing airworthiness management responsibilities under Part M/Part ML, as applicable.
Dated: October 2020


Using UK National Permit to Fly aeroplanes and amateur-built microlights for initial pilot training
Earlier this year we opened two consultations on proposals to extend paid-for initial (Ab initio) pilot training to be conducted using certain aeroplanes which hold a UK national Permit to Fly (PtF) and amateur-built microlights, to trainees that are not owners of the aircraft.
Having completed a detailed analysis we have now published the results of these consultations and summarised our next steps.
UK National Permit to Fly Aeroplanes: Consultation response
Amateur-built UK National Permit to Fly Microlights: Consultation response
Dated: October 2020


Launch of Electronic Conspicuity (EC) rebate scheme
Rebates of up to £250 for new Electronic Conspicuity (EC) devices are now available thanks to funding from the Department for Transport (DfT) aimed at encouraging more adoption of EC.
Full details on those eligible to apply, EC devices and how to claim a rebate are available on the CAA website at www.caa.co.uk/ec
Dated: October 2020


Ending of certain licensing and medical exemptions during November and December 2020
The CAA recognises the significant and sudden impact that Covid-19 has had on the UK General Aviation (GA) sector during 2020. To support the sector through this most challenging period, the CAA has provided a suite of temporary alleviation exemptions to provide maximum flexibility, whilst maintaining safety assurance to support organisations, operators, pilots and students.
Some of the CAA’s current licensing exemptions for Aircraft Maintenance, Air Traffic, Flight Crew licence holders and Cabin Crew are due to expire on 22 November 2020 with Medical Certificate exemptions continuing until 31 December 2020.
Please see the CAA website for details.
Dated: September 2020


Jamming trial impacting GNSS (GPS): 7 – 11 September, Wales and SW England
Activity may affect GNSS navigation and precision timing devices including electronic situational awareness devices and UAV’s (drones)
Jamming activity within 5KM of N52° 00’ 53”, W003° 38’ 31” (Sennybridge)
Low Power jamming will take place between 0900-1800 BST and may impact GNSS signals up to and above 40,000FT AMSL within 63NM
High Power jamming will take place between 1200-1800 BST and may impact GNSS signals up to and above 40,000FT AMSL within 122NM in certain directions
Systems relying on GNSS reception may suffer intermittent or total failure.
Further information see AIC P057/2020 (linked via the heading NOTIFICATION OF GNSS JAMMING TRIALS under News on the NAT AIS home page) or contact spectrum@caa.co.uk
Emergency cease jamming: 01874 635599
Dated: August 2020


Updated Government guidance for GA ahead of the restart of dual and instructional flights
The Department for Transport has published updated GA guidance on gov.uk ahead of the restart of dual and instructional flights, and the new social distancing guidelines that will apply in England from 4 July.
Dated: June 2020


Bringing sub-600kg aircraft into national regulation
In October-November 2019, we consulted on moving new designs of light aircraft 450-600kg from EASA certification to UK national regulations.
We received over 1,350 responses to this consultation, one of the largest responses to a general aviation consultation in recent years. Having completed a detailed analysis and consulted key community representatives and the Department for Transport, this document sets out the results of this consultation and summarises our next steps.
Dated: June 2020


COVID 19 – Changes to MET forecasts
The Met Office is currently prioritising activities so that it can continue to carry out urgent governmental work. To support the Met Office and in light of current restrictions on General Aviation, the CAA has sanctioned changes including:
A suspension of GAMETs, Gatwick Take Off Forecasts, and aerodrome warnings for General Aviation airfields, and
9 hour TAFs produced every 6 hours instead of every 3 hours.
CAA will keep these temporary changes under review and will advise the Met Office when to resume normal services.
Changes will take effect from midday on 23 April 2020.
Further information is available on the Met Office website
Dated: April 2020


GA maintenance check flights during COVID-19
The Government’s guidance permits essential maintenance activity to take place during the current COVID-19 restrictions, and on this basis owners / operators of GA aircraft are permitted to conduct aircraft maintenance flights.
The details of what is permitted is available on our website.
Dated: April 2020


General Aviation pilot medical self-declaration exemption extended
The current exemption that allows General Aviation (GA) pilots to self-declare their medical fitness, that was due to expire on Wednesday 8 April 2020, has been extended to remain in place until 8 November 2020. Other exemptions to help alleviate COVID-19 issues for pilots and operators of aeroplanes, helicopters, balloons and sailplanes will be issued shortly and more information is available here, and the new exemption can be found on our website.
Dated: April 2020


Jamming trial to effect electronic situational awareness devices and UAS system 40,000 FT AMSL
Jamming activity will take place 10 – 21 February 2020, 0800 and 1800 GMT, near RAF Spadeadam and surrounding areas.
This may affect cockpit devices and UAS systems operating on 433MHz, 868MHz (FLARM/PilotAware), and 2.4GHz, 5.8GHz (WiFi) within 30 NM of 550306N 0023318W (spadeadam) up to 40,000 FT AMSL.
During the trials GPS moving maps and WiFi devices (including UAS systems) may suffer intermittent or total failure. GNSS jamming will also take place as part of this activity.
For further information contact: spectrum@caa.co.uk
In an Emergency or to cease jamming contact: 01697 747321 extensions 6386, 6375 or 6388.
Dated: February 2020


General Aviation Policy Framework update
The General Aviation Unit has reviewed and updated its GA Policy Framework. This provides guidelines to help ensure we fulfil our statutory duties as we continue to deregulate, delegate and introduce proportionate regulation, further to the Government’s Red Tape Challenge.
The Framework was first introduced in 2014. Minor revisions have been made to reflect guidance and regulation that has been published since then.
Dated: January 2020