Pilot (Commercial/Private) & Flight Training (Commercial/Private)

CAA SkyWise on Pilot (Commercial/Private)  & Flight Training (Commercial/Private)



Performance Based Navigation endorsement: Guidance for IR holders
The requirements regarding Performance Based Navigation (PBN) privileges will be changing from 26 April 2021.
To provide guidance to all Instrument Rating (IR) holders, ATOs and Examiners the CAA has updated the website and published: Performance Based Navigation Endorsement – IR Holders (including guidance for IMC / IR(R) holders) (CAP2138).
Dated: April 2021

UK CAA examinations update
In line with the recent government announcement of a National lockdown, along with the restrictions in Scotland, the UK CAA senior management team have concluded that all scheduled commercial examinations to be sat will be cancelled from next week until the end of February 2021.
Commercial pilot (aeroplane and helicopter) examinations
Aircraft Maintenance Engineers examinations
Dangerous Goods Instructor examinations
FISO examinations 
CPL Balloon examinations 
Dated: January 2021

UK to revert to previous rules for Visibility and Distance from Cloud Minima for flying in visual meteorological conditions
From 20 May 2021, the UK will revert to the rules on flight visibility and distance from cloud in class D airspace that existed up to 26 March 2020.
The changes to the visual meteorological conditions (VMC) minima will apply to aircraft flying within the UK in class D airspace provided that they are flying during the day only; at and below 3,000 ft above mean sea level, or 1,000 ft above terrain, whichever is the higher; and at an indicated airspeed of 140 kts or less, to give adequate opportunity to see other traffic or any obstacles in time to avoid collision.
Full details of the change are available here.  Further detail will be published in AIP ENR 1.2 and ENR 1.4 on 11 March 2021.
Dated: January 2021

Enquiry into the Risk of Cognitive Impairment Due to G Forces
We have published our review into whether or not there is a risk to civil aviation safety from cognitive impairment in pilots experiencing low level G forces at levels, and for durations, likely to be experienced in commercial and recreational, civil air operations. It is available at www.caa.co.uk/cap1963
Dated: December 2020

EU Exit webinar for Approved Training Organisations
The CAA has added a new date to its webinar series for Approved Training Organisations, which will take place on 7 December 2020 between 13:00 and 14:00.
The webinar will cover:
An outline of the new regulatory landscape from 1 January 2021 and its impact on UK flight crew licence holders and training organisations;
The key changes and actions ATOs should be thinking about in preparation for the end of the transition period, including impact on freedom of the air;
Answers to your key questions on issues of relevance to ATOs.
Register and confirm your place for this webinar
Dated: November 2020

New process for CPL and IR Skill test examiner designation
A new application form, SRG2153, is now available and enables CPL and IR bookings requests to be made online.
As part of this change, card payment for the requested test will be required in order to submit the online form, and the flight test bookings team will no longer be able to accept payment via Debit Authority or bank transfer.
The current process for booking and paying for tests will be available until Friday 1 January 2021, after which all requests and payments must be made via the online form.
Please see the CAA website for more details.
Dated: November 2020

Radiotelephony Manual (CAP 413) Edition 23 Amendment 1
Radiotelephony Manual (CAP 413) Edition 23 Amendment 1 was published today (26 November 2020) as a future edition, effective 21 January 2021.
This is a routine periodic update which includes changes relating to:
ICAO PANS ATM Amendment 8 –  partial changes from the use of the term ‘radar’ to ‘ATS Surveillance Systems’
Editorial amendments to circuit procedures to resolve UKAB Recommendation 2019071
Effective date 21 January 2021.
Dated: November 2020

COVID-19 General Exemptions
The CAA has issued a significant number of exemptions to help aviation cope with the impact of the Government’s COVID-19 restrictions. Currently, we don’t plan to issue any wide-ranging exemptions for the current lockdown when the current set end on 22 November.
Under the current lockdown restrictions the Department for Transport has confirmed that engine health and maintenance check flights and flights to maintain currency are allowed. These should only be conducted where there is an urgent requirement, and where alternative options are not available. We believe flying skills cannot be sustained in the long term by exemptions.
There are some elements of commercial aviation that are important to the response to COVID-19 which will be considered for exemptions. Consideration will also be given to those undergoing training towards commercial flying qualifications.
Dated: November 2020

Update to EU exit information for FSTD operators
We have recently updated our EU Exit information for FSTD operators.
Dated: October 2020

Jamming trial ended early: Luce Bay
Jamming activity impacting electronic situational awareness devices, UAS command systems and GNSS receivers in and around Luce Bay has ended early.
The activity was originally planned to run until 4 December 2020.
Dated: October 2020

Update to EU Exit information – Student Pilots
We have updated the information on our website concerning recognition of training by providers in EASA member states after 31 December 2020.
Dated: October 2020

COVID-19 – Ending of licensing exemptions, 22 November 2020
We have been working closely with the industry during the initial phase of COVID-19 to help aviation’s continuing operations and recovery.
The initial set of COVID licence exemptions, that included extending licence validity dates, expire on 22 November 2020.
Industry and licence holders are asked to make sure they will then comply with the standard licence requirements and act well in advance of that date to make sure any checks or medicals can take place.
Dated: September 2020

Jamming trial impacting electronic situational awareness devices, UAS command systems and GNSS receivers: 8 Sep – 4 Dec, Luce Bay
Jamming activity will take place 8 September – 4 December 2020 in and around Luce Bay.
The activity may affect GNSS receivers along with UAS and cockpit devices operating on 433, 868, 915, 2400, 5800 MHz operating up to 40,000FT AMSL within 55NM of 545020N 045548W (West Freugh).
During the trials impacted systems may suffer intermittent or total failure. Individual events will not exceed 2 minutes in duration with no more than 5 events per hour. Activity will take place in daytime hours between 0830 and 1600.
For further information contact spectrum@caa.co.uk
Emergency cease jamming contact 01776 888932 or 01776 888930
Dated: September 2020

COVID-19 – Performance Based Navigation additional guidance
Any pilots seeking to achieve or maintain PBN privileges endorsed within their Instrument Rating, or examiners conducting such proficiency checks, are asked to continue to follow the process set out in our Information Notices 2017/026 and 2017/034.
The exemption to extend the deadline for IR holders to achieve Performance Based Navigation (PBN) privileges to 25 April 2021 does not affect this process
Dated: August 2020

Ensure your licence is valid
All pilot licence holders are reminded that when they receive a new licence document it should be checked and immediately signed under Section VII on page 1 as the licence is only valid if signed.
Examiners and instructors should always check for the licence holder’s signature before verifying the applicable requirements are being met.
Unsigned licences are invalid.
Dated: August 2020

Changes to the application process for night ratings
A new online application form for night ratings (SRG1126) is now available and removes the requirement for applicants to submit their original logbooks unless specifically requested to do so.
A new Night Rating Course Completion Certificate (CAA5017) is also available and should be completed by the ATO/DTO conducting the relevant training, then uploaded by applicants when submitting the online version of SRG1126.
Please note that from 18 September all applications for night ratings must be made using the online form and the paper version of SRG1126 will no longer be accepted.
Guidance on how to apply for a night rating is available on the CAA website.
Dated: August 2020

COVID-19 – EASA Aeroplane and helicopter pilot licence exemptions
Pilot licence holders should be aware that the medical element has been updated in licensing exemptions that relate to validity.
The remaining content of these licensing exemptions has not changed but the reference numbers have been updated:
EASA medical is now: ORS4 No. 1408
National medical exemption is now: ORS4 No. 1413
Pilots within an EASA AOC is now: ORS4 No. 1410
Pilots within a National AOC is now: ORS4 No. 1411
Pilots flying privately or outside an AOC is now: ORS4 No. 1412
National licence exemption is now: ORS4 No. 1414
For more information refer to: COVID 19 guidance for commercial and recreational aviation
Dated: August 2020

COVID-19 – Extension of six month test validity
Exemption ORS4 1386 applies to applicants for the issue of a UK licence, rating or certificate.
It provides alleviation from the six month limit between the completion of a test or assessment and submission of an application for the appropriate licence, and is applicable for a UK-issued EASA licence, rating or certificate to those who have passed a test before 1 December 2020.
To ensure that licence applications are processed in a timely manner, applicants are advised to apply for their licence as soon as circumstances allow, and not to wait for the approach of the exemption expiry deadline.
Dated: July 2020

Amendments to the Aircrew Regulation (EU) 2011/1178
All training providers and applicants need to be aware of changes to the Aircrew regulation that comes into effect on 22 June 2020, affecting the acceptance of Third Country ICAO licences and certificates.
CAP1939 provides a summary of the main changes and can be downloaded from the CAA website.
Dated: June 2020

TrainingCom – Spring 2020
News and advice for the training professional: TrainingCom – Spring 2020
This TrainingCom comes to you at what we know to be an unprecedented time for UK flight training organisations. This packed edition includes an appendix covering Aeroplane ATO and DTO Guidance
Dated: May 2020

Exemption for UK EASA PPL & LAPL holders from requiring an EASA Part-MED to operate EASA aircraft
The CAA has published the following exemption to support the industry through the COVID-19 outbreak.
Exemption from the Requirement for Holders of Part-FCL Private Pilot Licences and Light Aircraft Pilot Licences to hold an EASA Part-MED Medical Certificate when Operating EASA Aircraft (ORS4 No 1370)
Dated: April 2020

CAA Part-ML Guidance updated
The CAA guidance on EASA Part-ML has been updated to include new guidance, links and additional information.
Dated: March 2020

Cessation of the ability for non-EASA pilot licences to operate an aircraft with an EASA CofA from 8 April
UK national private pilot licence holders are not able to fly an aeroplane with an EASA certificate of airworthiness from 8 April 2020 due to a European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) derogation expiring on 7 April and not being renewed. The change does not affect balloons or sailplanes including powered sailplanes.
This change arises as a result of the derogation contained in Article 2a of Regulation (EU) 1178/2011 (the EASA Aircrew Regulation) ending on 7 April 2020.
Dated: March 2020

Aeronautical chart review – chart questionnaires
The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) has a questionnaire regarding Aeronautical Charts for airlines and pilots.
Providing feedback will help conduct a comprehensive analysis of the users’ requirements and expectations and to determine the suitability of current ICAO Annex 4 charts and the future of Aeronautical Charts that meet the needs of performance-based communication, navigation and surveillance and data set visualisation.
The questionnaire is available until 20 March 2020, and we encourage all airlines and pilots to provide their input.
Dated: March 2020

Amendment to Professional Pilot Examinations effective from 4 May 2020
All training providers and student professional pilots should be aware that the CAA is updating its examination system, for professional in both fixed and rotary wing disciplines.
Dated: February 2020

Instructors providing training within the scope of their privileges
Update to SW2020/014

There have been several instances where instructors have conducted training for which they do not have the instructor privileges stated in “XII – Ratings, Certificates and Privileges” page of their licence.

This is especially prevalent with Instructors who hold a “LAPL only” remark endorsed on their Flight Instructor certificate. FIs with this endorsement are reminded that they cannot provide instruction towards the PPL.

If training is conducted by a FI who is not appropriately qualified, and the UK CAA is to be the State of Licence issue, this will result in the rejection of the candidate’s application and in some cases requiring them to redo the required flight training.

While it is accepted that there are similarities between the LAPL and PPL syllabi, applicants who have commenced a LAPL course must first complete this course and Skill Test before commencing a course for the PPL.

Additionally, FI with “LAPL only” limitations should not supervise students undertaking a PPL course for their solo flights. FI who apply to have the supervisor limitation removed who have supervised PPL solo flight will not be accepted.
Dated: January 2020

Revalidation of Instrument Ratings and associated class and type ratings
A recent amendment to the EASA Aircrew Regulation has changed revalidation and renewal requirements of the Instrument Rating for both aeroplanes and helicopters.
A further delay to the implementation has been published to give Examiners and Operators more time to adopt to the new requirements.
When revalidating or renewing an IR(A) or IR(H), the licence holder must hold the relevant valid class or type rating, unless revalidating or renewing the privileges of the class or type rating at the same time as renewing the IR.
Examiners needs to ensure that the applicant meets these requirements when conducting Proficiency Checks and signing the Certificate of Revalidation accordingly, to reflect the privileges of the rating held or being revalidated/renewed.
CAP 1879 gives more details and examples for Examiners.
Dated: January 2020

Instructors providing training within the scope of their privileges
There have been several instances where LAPL only instructors have conducted training for which they do not have the instructor privileges stated in “XII – Ratings, Certificates and Privileges” page of their licence.
Dated: January 2020

Submission of revalidation and renewal documentation
All Examiners and those Instructors with FCL.945 privileges are reminded of the importance that it is their responsibility to submit documents relevant to the revalidation or renewal of an individual’s rating privileges within 14 days of a proficiency check or revalidation check flight.
CAA records are required to be kept fully up to date, failure to submit such documentation can affect the reputation of an individual as it can appear that the individual has undertaken a flight without valid privileges.
Dated: January 2020

Commercial Pilot Licence (Gyroplanes)
The CAA has launched the approval system for Training Organisations / Persons who wish to offer courses for the Commercial Pilot Licence and Flying Instructor Certificates for Gyroplanes.
Dated: January 2020

TrainingCom Update – Autumn 2019
This TrainingCom Update update highlight’s details of recent changes to Part-FCL and includes a comprehensive guide covering the content of refresher flight training exercises. It also sets out an amendment to an item presented in the recent Autumn 2019 issue.
Dated: November 2019

Amendments to the Aircrew Regulation
All training providers and applicants need to be aware of changes to the Aircrew regulation that came into effect on 11 November 2019.
CAP 1855 provides a summary of the main changes and can be downloaded from the CAA website.
Dated: November 2019

Amendment to Flight Instructor privileges and conditions
All training providers and applicants need to be aware of changes to the Aircrew Regulation that into force on 11 November 2019.
FI privileges (FCL.905.FI) have been amended and renumbered but your licence does not have to be re-issued.
Please see CAP 1854 for details.
Dated: November 2019

Training Com – Autumn 2019
We have published Training Com Autumn 2019 – news and advice for training professionals
Dated: November 2019

Night Rating completion time FCL.810 (Updated)
This notification updates the guidance previously sent as SW2019/205. Please see the last paragraph shown in bold for details.

All training providers and applicants need to be aware that Amendment (EU) 2019/1747 to Commission Regulation (EU) 1178/2011, has been published, which will come into force on 11 November 2019.
The Night Rating (FCL.810) has been amended:
‘Applicants shall have completed a training course within a period of up to 6 months’
The 6 months starts from the first training flight.
Course providers need to review their courses operated after 11 November 2019, to reflect this amendment and ensure this time scale is met for all applicants.

For courses started before 11 November 2019 and completed in more than 6 months, candidates must ensure that the CAA receives their application by 31 March 2020.
Dated: November 2019

Changes to Flight Crew Licensing Legislation
All training providers and pilots should to be aware that Amendment (EU) 2019/1747 to Commission Regulation (EU) 1178/2011, has been published, which will come into force on 11 November 2019.
The Official Journal of the European Union and the legislation concerned are available to view here.
Dated: November 2019

Night Rating completion time FCL.810
All training providers and applicants need to be aware that Amendment (EU) 2019/1747 to Commission Regulation (EU) 1178/2011, has been published, which will come into force on 11 November 2019.
The Night Rating (FCL.810) has been amended:
‘Applicants shall have completed a training course within a period of up to 6 months’
The 6 months starts from the first training flight.
Course providers need to review their courses operated after 11 November 2019, to reflect this amendment and ensure this time scale is met for all applicants. Courses commenced prior to the 11 November 2019, will continued to be accepted prior to 31 March 2020.
Dated: November 2019

The Skyway Code
Version 2
Practical guidance for GA pilots, students and flight instructors on operational, safety and regulatory issues relevant to their flying.
Condensing the ‘must know’ information into easy to navigate information and graphics The Skyway Code gives GA pilots a one stop shop for safety rules and advice.
Printed copies available to purchase from AFE online: www.afeonline.com/shop/cap-1535-the-skyway-code
Download PDF copies at: www.caa.co.uk/skywaycode
Dated: September 2019

SERA.5001 exemption remains in effect to March 2020
The general exemption from the requirements of SERA.5001 will remain in place until 25 March 2020. This means that until 25 March 2020 pilots can continue to fly VFR:
at or below 3000 ft AMSL within Class D airspace;
during day only;
indicated airspeed of 140 kts or less;
clear of cloud, with surface and:
for aircraft other than helicopters, a flight visibility of at least 5 km;
for helicopters, a flight visibility of at least 1,500 m.
For more details pilots should read ORS4 No 1312
For further information concerning Standardised European Rules of the Air see www.caa.co.uk/sera
Dated: September 2019

Avoiding airspace infringements
Think, plan, avoid and enjoy your flight
Key tips to help avoid airspace infringements produced in collaboration with the Airspace Infringement Working Group has been published on the Airspace & Safety Initiative website.
Dated: August 2019

Identification requirement for flight crew licensing applications
This notification updates and replaces the information sent on 4 May 2018 as SW2018/75.
Pilots should be aware that for some applications you are required to submit proof of identity (ID) to support their applications. A certified copy or a passport or photo driving licence will be accepted. Please refer to our website for more information on who can certify your documents.
Dated: August 2019

Using your National licence to fly G-reg EASA aircraft in the UK
Pilots that hold a LAPL may continue to fly a UK registered aeroplane or Touring Motor Glider (TMG) with an EASA Certificate of Airworthiness or EASA Permit to Fly.
An exemption set out in ORS4 1293 has been replaced by derogation ORS4 1309. This continues to allow holders of an appropriate UK National licence to exercise the privileges of a Part-FCL LAPL.
The derogation meets the requirements of relevant National legislation and will remain effective until 8 April 2020. Licencing arrangements beyond 2020 are not yet in place, but this is something we are working on.
Dated: July 2019

Operational rules for Sailplanes
EASA have published a Sailplane rule book for EASA Sailplanes.
These new rules come into effect on 9th July 2019.
It is important that pilots familiarise themselves and understand the rules, as all pilots must operate the Sailplanes in accordance with the requirements set out within.
For further information please see the CAA webpage.
Dated: July 2019

Licensing – IR PBN privileges on aircraft not certified to conduct RNP APCH
The latest guidance for examiners when conducting instrument rating (IR) revalidations or renewals to include performance based navigation (PBN) privileges when the aircraft type/class is not certified to conduct required navigation procedure approach (RNP APCH) is available on the CAA website.
Dated: June 2019

Multi-Pilot Helicopter Type Ratings – prerequisite experience
To obtain a multi-pilot type rating for helicopters, an applicant for their first multi pilot type rating must have a minimum amount of MCC experience or have completed the required MCC training in helicopters at an ATO as part of, or prior to starting, a multi-pilot helicopter type rating course.
Applicants who have completed an MCC Aeroplane course shall be exempted the 25 hours of theoretical knowledge instruction and exercises of the MCC Helicopter course requirements.
This credit provision is set out in FCL.735.H(d)
For further information refer to: https://www.caa.co.uk/General-aviation/Pilot-licences/Applications/Ratings/Initial-issue-of-a-multi-pilot-helicopter-type-rating/
Dated: June 2019

Application inaccuracies leading to the incorrect issue of ratings
The CAA have observed that some applicants are failing to provide up to date information regarding ratings with their licensing application e.g. applicants are either providing an old copy of their licence with their application or are failing to inform us following an LPC.
If a licence has been issued with incorrect information, we will not automatically reissue the licence. You will be required to submit another application and pay the relevant fee (currently £93) to have your licence reissued. We will have to assess the new paperwork and update our records, this new application will be processed within our current turnaround time.
Dated: May 2019

Continuation of the IMC or IR(R) rating
With the implementation of Commission Implementing Regulation (amendment) 2019/430 revising Article 4(8) to the EASA Aircrew Regulations, the CAA will continue to endorse the Instrument Rating (Restricted) (IR(R)) rating on UK CAA issued EASA PPL(A), CPL(A), MPL(A) and ATPL(A) licences until 8 April 2021.
The IR(R) may not be endorsed on Part-FCL licences issued by other EASA Member States.
Details of the Flight Test for the rating is included in Standards Document 25.
Dated: May 2019